falster: Knud Lynge

Top Geology Birds Buildings About the Guide

bird: Knud LyngeGedser Odde Guide

This guide is the internet version of the brochure 'Southfalster - Gedser Point'.

Welcome to Gedser Point - the southern point of Denmark and Scandinavia -  a place with lots of adventures. Gedser Point goes far out into the Baltic Sea, and at this point the Baltic is the most trafficked of the Danish waterways.

The nature of Gedser Point is also special. At the south it may be quiet and calm, while a storm is blowing just 'round the corner' and the sea is breaking the cliffs down.

Illustration: Knud LyngeThe rough weather at the Point is fundamentally contrasting to the friendly and wide sandy beach just a few hundred meters to the north.

This exposed position is seen very clearly, when the weather really is working, the big Baltic waves is beating against the coast, and you really feel the violent forces of the nature.

Just as impressive is one of the seldom complete quiet days, where the eider-ducks are cradled by the water, the cormorants fly by, and a lonely seal sticks its head up and looks curiously at us.

Whether you come for fishing, bird watching, finding stones or to experience the most southern point of Denmark, the whole family has good chances to bring 'something' home in the form of discoveries or exciting memories.

Top Geology Birds Buildings About the Guide

Geology

cliff at Gedser odde: Knud Lyngeby geologist Asmus Andersen - The Black GeoMuseum

The last advances of the Ice Age (where the tongue-formed ice glaciers moved forwards across the landscape) in Denmark was on Southfalster about 13.000 years ago. Here the ice mass plowed down into the ground because of the enormous weight of the thick mass. As a bulldozer it also pushed earth materials before the ice front and left this as a series of hills - today going from the Korselitze area in the north to Gedser Cliff continuing in the Gedser Reef in the south.

This last glacier ice originated in the Swedish and Finnish mountains and did on the way to Southfalster mash over the Baltic Sea bottom (probably dry land in this period). During this process the ice collected materials from the mountains and lowlands it passed and brought the 'load' of clay, sand and stones along to Denmark, where it was deposited when the ice masses later melted.

In the cliffs of Gedser we thus find rocks from the fennoscandinavian shield, from the bottom of the Baltic Sea and of course also the Danish underground. It has made the cliffs a unique finding place for exciting rocks and - not to forget - fossils.
Here is everything from gneiss with garnets, volcanic lava rocks to limestone with fossils. The chalk is from two different ages respectively 450 million years and 65 million years old. The most common fossils are 'thunderstones' (the inner shell from a species of squid) and sea urchin fossils (especially Galerites), but also Trilobites, some of the oldest animals on Earth, has been found. Finally the beach below the cliffs is a fine place to go looking for amber.

The tour on the beach can be extended with a visit to the Local Geological Museum connected to the Gedser Culture House (The Black GeoMuseum), where you see a unique collection of rocks, fossils and amber found on Southfalster.

Top Geology Birds Buildings About the Guide

Gedser Point - the bird lovers' paradise!

by ornithologist Hans Lind, Gedser Bird Station, DOF

If you like bird watching, a tour to the Gedser Point is a must. Especially in the autumn season you find an intense bird migration, as the migration routes of the duck birds is crossing the routes of smaller birds and birds of prey.

Cormorants - Illustration from Knud LyngeA most fascination sight is the big flights of eider ducks passing close to the Gedser Point both in the spring and the autumn on route between the Wadden Sea at South Jutland and the breeding areas in the Bothnian Bay. Furthermore you might see Common Scoter, Long tailed ducks and sometimes also Grebes and Divers. The Cormorants fly by in big formations or sit drying the wings on stakes for the nets of the fishermen. The southern point of Falster is the area in Denmark with the greatest number of Little Gull in the autumn.

If the wind comes from eastern directions in October you might be lucky to see and hear the cranes passing to Rügen, where they are numbered in thousands. Also Barnacle-geese, Grey Lag-geese and Brent Geese come close to shore with eastern winds.

In the autumn we also see many swarms of migrating Chaffinch and Brambling in company of Siskin, Greenfinch and Twite. These day-migrating birds are the main food supply for many Sparrow hawks following the swarms of smaller birds and feeding when they get hungry.

kormorans: Knud Lynge eiders: Knud Lynge buzzard: Knud Lynge

For the land based birds the funnel like shape of Southfalster accumulates the birds on the Point, before they finally decide to take the dangerous route across the water.

Among them are birds of prey like Buzzard, Rough legged Buzzard and Kite - all these are waiting until last possible moment to cross, but also Swallows, Wagtails, Pipits, crow birds and pigeons consider the Baltic to be a barrier.

As most of our migrating singing birds like Song Thrush, Gold crest and Willow-warbler migrate at night they must use the day for feeding and often the low thickets and bushes seem to be alive with these bird species.

The sea birds are best observed from the Radar station directly on the Point, and here are also fine opportunities to see smaller birds and birds of prey - alternatively a walk from the outskirts of Gedser to the Lighthouse might also give results.

Top Geology Birds Buildings About the Guide

gedser lighthouse: Knud LyngeThe buildings

The Reef of Gedser has always been dangerous to ships, and therefore it was from older times necessary to mark it as such. The Gedser Lighthouse was built in 1802, and before that a marking light made by a charcoal fire could be seen up to 10 kilometers from the shore, that is out to the Gedser Reef Lightship. It was forbidden to between lighthouse and lightship without a sea pilot, therefore a pilot station was situated south of the Lighthouse.

Gedser Lighthouse

Even if it difficult to imagine the sea channel at the point is very narrow due to shallow waters, and because of that it has been necessary to make traffic separation to manage the heavy water traffic on the busiest waterway of Denmark.

On the eastern side of the point you can still see some remnants from the second world war. During the war the first radar was built by the Germans - a square concrete house with several antennas and anti aircraft guns on both sides on separate fundaments. The last parts of the fundaments are now lying on the beach below as big concrete blocks. When built they were placed with distance to the cliff. They have not moved, but the sea has broken the cliff down around the fundaments!

Top Geology Birds Buildings About the Guide

About

This brochure is designed for the Gedser Project Group by Sydfalster EcoMuseum.
Illustrations: Knud Lynge
Layout: Knud Lynge and Extra Posten in Nakskov


 © GedserNet